Wine areas

Understanding of Italian wine becomes clearer when you understand the differences between each wine area: its position, climate, terrain and allowed grapes. Italy is a vast, long peninsula in The Mediterranean Sea with different altitudes, and the wine is produced from coastal line up to 1000 meters a.s.l almost all over the area from north to south. The climate is changing depending on the geographical position and altitude. Also the hilly landscape is creating different microclimates, which are having influence on the development of the wine. The soil is changing from the morenic lime and sand stone in the north to volcanic ash and clay stone in the south, but also terrain varieties can be vast in a small area: the grape is giving the basic taste, but the terrain will determinate the nature of the wine. In Italy there has been documented over 350 grapes and granted them "authorized" status. There are more than 500 other documented varieties in circulation as well. All wine areas are having the classified grapes to cultivate in order to get the official classifications like DOC and DOCG wine: for example in the Chianti Classico area sangiovese grapes and in the Barolo area nebbiolo grapes. Many producers like to do their own experiments by using unclassified grapes to find new interesting wines. They will be vino da tavola or IGT classified like ‘Super Tuscans’.

The country has been divided in 20 regions like Tuscany, Piedmont etc, in which there are more than 350 wine areas like Chianti and Barolo. We have been choosing the most important wine areas and wines of Italy. Of course there are other interesting wines not always following the classification rules, and we recommend you to taste these as well during your trip – you might find a hidden gem.

By clicking the name of the wine you’ll get the introduction of the wine and the region. Furthermore there is the list of the accommodation and wineries.